This plant has dark bronze, spoon-shaped leaves 2-3in/5-8cm long; but the species plant has leaves of a fresh green color, and the variety ‘Schwartzkopf’ has almost black leaves. All form strong woody stems, which branch out freely and from which rosettes develop.
The rosettes regularly shed some of the lower leaves, leaving the stems scarred at the points where the leaves were attached.
Panicles of small, bright yellow, star-shaped flowers form from the centers of the rosettes at the ends of the branches on mature four- to five-year-old plants.
These blooms appear from winter through to spring, but once a rosette has flowered, it dies and must be cut out. Aeoniums need a lot of sunshine and fairly dry growing conditions.
ORIGIN Spain; Portugal; Morocco; Sicily; Sardinia.
HEIGHT To 3ft/90cm.
POTTING MIX Two parts soil-based medium to one part coarse sand or perlite.
REPOTTING Move into a pot one size larger every spring. Newly potted plants should be firmly pressed into the potting mix.
PROPAGATION By seed, or by leaf or stem cuttings in spring or summer. KEEPING PLANTS Use terra-cotta pots instead of plastic ones, since mature plants tend to become top-heavy and fall over; stake tall plants.
- Full sunlight all year.
- Minimum winter temperature of 50°F/10°C; temperatures up to 75°F/24°C at other times. •
- Keep the potting mix moist during the growing period, on the dry side at other times; leaves will shrivel if it gets too dry.
- Apply a weak liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks during the growing period. •
- Let the plant rest in winter.
Some Information For Grow The Plants As the plant grows taller, it may need staking.
Overwatering encourages soft, untypical growth, which is likely to droop.
Too little light will result in sparse rosettes and elongated, prematurely faffing leaves.